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Arthritis and Joint Pains

The Arthritis and Joints

Arthritis and joint pain can develop in one or multiple sites depending on the condition. The hip, knee and shoulder are large joints which are subject to degeneration or damage to soft tissues causing pain. As with most musculoskeletal conditions, treatment begins with physical therapy to correct mechanical conditions that predispose the joint(s) to ongoing damage. Anti-inflammatories and supplements such as glucosamine-chondroitin can be useful, as well as topical medications and bracing. Direct injection of a cortisone medication or a cartilage supplement into the joint can sometimes Image result for free image arthritis
benefit the patient’s pain. Some forms of joint damage can benefit from orthopedic surgery. For knee pain associated with nerve damage to the knee, often after a replacement, numbing of three sensory nerves surrounding the knee using electrical energy generated at a needle tip can effectively provide long-term relief.

Some forms of widespread arthritis are the result of autoimmune disease and are best diagnosed and treated by a rheumatologist. Widespread joint pains can be the result of amplified processing of sensory information in the nervous system called central sensitization, which is thought to be associated with fibromyalgia.  This and its associated conditions are handled under a separate header.