Abdominal pain has many potential causes, and should always be addressed by appropriate specialties such as gastroenterology, urology, or gynecology prior to referral for pain management. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is often a source of difficult to diagnose abdominal pain. In some cases, abdominal pain is a result of surgery and can be treated as neuropathic pain. Chronic inflammation of the pancreas, or difficult to treat cases of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) such as Crohn’s or Ulcerative Colitis may also be a source of abdominal pain. Usually, pain from these diseases is more appropriately managed by a gastroenterologist, however there are some interventional therapies that may be appropriate.