The sacroiliac joint, or SI joint, is a common cause of lower back pain. SI Joint Fusion is the standard surgery used to address SI joint pain. The goal of this minimally invasive procedure is to provide pain relief by limiting motion that will cause more joint pain.
Located in the pelvis, the SI joint links the iliac bones in the pelvis to the sacrum, which is the lowest portion of the spine above the tailbone. The SI joint is important for shock absorption and preventing impact on the spine. The SI joint can be injured or experience wear and tear due to aging. This can cause people to experience pain in their buttocks, low back, or legs.
The SI joint fusion corrects this issue by inserting implants across the joint. Once in place, the implants prevent motion that causes more SI joint pain.
Those that deal with SI joint dysfunction are familiar with the impact it can have on everyday life. You may experience not only pain, but difficulty functioning and even sleeping. Once the implants are in place and the recovery process is started, you can expect a reduction in symptoms, which will allow you to more fully enjoy everyday life without worrying about painful symptoms.
While the procedure is often successful, any surgery involves some level of risk. Possible risks include:
Another risk to consider with the procedure is the possibility that it won’t alleviate pain, or that fusion of the joint will be unsuccessful. If the bones do not fuse together, it could cause instability and pain. It’s also possible that the fused SI joint will cause pressure in the lower spine instead of the pelvis, which is where the pressure would normally be absorbed. This pressure on the spine could cause pain and pressure in the lower back.